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EIA Report Shows Gasoline Inventory Jump as Refiners Digest Crude Supply

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The Energy Information Administration (EIA) released its weekly report today on the status of petroleum inventories in the United States. Here are some highlights:

CRUDE INVENTORIES:

Crude oil inventories decreased by 2.4 million barrels (MMbbl) to a total of 485.8 MMbbl. At 485.8 MMbbl, inventories are 32.2 MMbbl above last year (7.1%) and are at the upper limit of the average range for this time of year. Inventories at the major delivery point in Cushing, OK rose 3.8 MMbbl to a total of 65.3 million barrels.

GASOLINE INVENTORIES:

Gasoline inventories increased by 3.4 million barrels to a total of 229.5 MMbbl. At 229.5 MMbbl, inventories are up 11.9 MMbbl, 5.5% higher than a year ago and well above the upper limit of the average range for this time of year.

Here’s how individual regions and their gasoline inventory fared last week:

  • East Coast (+2.2 MMbbl)
  • Midwest (+0.9 MMbbl)
  • Gulf Coast (-0.6 MMbbl)
  • Rockies (+0.1 MMbbl)
  • West Coast (+1.1 MMbbl).

It’s important to note which regions saw increases/decreases, as this information likely drives prices up (in the case of falling inventories) or down (in the case of rising inventories).

DISTILLATE (diesel, heating oil) INVENTORIES:

Distillate inventories increased by 2.5 MMbbl to a total of 156.7 MMbbl. At 156.7 MMbbl, inventories are up 7.3 MMbbl, or 4.9% vs. a year ago.

IMPLIED DEMAND:

Gasoline supplied to end users amounted to 8.8 million barrels per day (MMbpd), or 323,000 bpd lower than the previous week. So far in 2016, gasoline supplied is 2.5% higher versus 2015, per the EIA.

REFINERY OUTPUT/UTILIZATION:

Refinery utilization increased by 0.6% vs. last week’s numbers to 90.4%. Gasoline production decreased to 9.9 million barrels per day while distillate fuel production decreased last week, averaging 5.1 million barrels per day.

Utilization rates for the last week were as follows:

  • East Coast: 87.0%
  • Midwest: 95.5%
  • Gulf Coast: 91.8%
  • Rocky Mountain: 90.4%
  • West Coast: 80.6%.

These percentages show how much of a region’s overall capacity were used to refine oil. It’s important to note these percentages, because the lower the utilization percent, the lower output—which has a direct impact on local gasoline prices. If refiners in your region have low output, you’re more likely to see prices rise.

OVERALL SUPPLY:

Total oil stocks in the United States are up by 69.4 MMbbl (5.5%) over last year and stand at 1.34 billion barrels (excluding the Strategic Petroleum Reserve).

IMPORTS/EXPORTS:

The U.S. imported 8.3 MMbpd of crude oil per day last week, up by 755,000 bpd vs. the previous week. Total motor gasoline imports last week averaged 652,000 bpd. The U.S. also imported 106,000 bpd of distillate fuels. However, during the same timeframe, the U.S. exported 992,000 bpd of gasoline and 1,128,000 bpd of distillates. In total, U.S. refineries exported 5.3 MMbpd of oil and petroleum products.

Shortly before the EIA report was released, oil was trading down 27 cents per barrel. Shortly after the report was released, oil was down 52 cents per barrel.

Head of Petroleum Analysis (USA)

Patrick has developed into the leading source for reliable and accurate information on gas price hikes. Patrick has been interviewed as a gasoline price expert hundreds of times since 2004. Based in Chicago, Patrick brings to GasBuddy all his assets to help consumers by giving reliable and accurate price forecasts, including the San Jose Mercury News dubbing Patrick "one of the nation's most accurate forecasters" in 2012.

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